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What is Obesity or Overweight

What is Obesity or Overweight?

For adults, a “body mass index” (BMI) of 30 and over in general is considered to be obese although BMI may not be an ideal tool to determine the risk. It is far more important to understand the distribution of the weight, body fat composition etc. to understand the risks associated with Obesity.

Understanding the risks

You could be in nomal BMI range and but can still have metabolic syndrome, pre-diabetes or even type 2 diabetes , and other diseases associated with weight such as cholesterol abnormalities. This is especially true if you have weight in the wrong areas such as the belly and upper part of the body.

BMI for Obesitycdc-obesity-stats

BMI is used because of the simplicity and for most people, it tends to correlate with their amount of body fat.

•An adult who has a BMI between 25 and 29.9 is considered overweight.
•An adult who has a BMI of 30 or higher is considered obese.
See the following table for an example.

Body body percentage is more important!

It is important to remember that although BMI correlates with the amount of body fat, BMI does not directly measure body fat. As a result, some people, such as athletes, may have a BMI that identifies them as overweight even though they do not have excess body fat.

Waist to hip ratio

Other methods of estimating body fat and body fat distribution include measurements of body composition analysis, skinfold thickness and waist circumference, calculation of waist-to-hip circumference ratios, and techniques such as ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

The ideal waist to hip ratio for women should be 0.8 or lower and for men should be 1 or lower. That means, you should not have a big tummy or upper body weight for reducing the metabolic risks associated with weight.

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